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Gardening Jobs for October

October’s the month when the smallest breeze gives us a shower of autumn leaves. 
Bonfires and pumpkins, leaves sailing down October is red and golden and brown. 

  • Plant daffodil bulbs, tulip bulbs and Allium bulbs for a glorious spring display. Dot them through borders or naturalise them in grass.
  • Plant spring bedding such as wallflowers, Bellis, Primulas and winter pansies for a fantastic spring display.
  • Lift Dahlia tubers, Begonia tubers and Gladiolus corms to store dry over the winter months. Remove the dead foliage before storing them.
  • If your summer containers are looking past their best, re-plant them with fresh winter bedding plants
  • Autumn is the ideal time to plant Clematis plants.
  • This month is an ideal time to move trees and shrubs, and plant hedges.
  • Plant bareroot ornamental trees and shrubs
  • Prune climbing roses and rambling roses once they’ve finished flowering and tie in the stems before autumn winds cause damage.
  • Clear up fallen rose leaves to prevent diseases such as black spot from over-wintering – don’t compost the leaves.
  • Clear overhanging plants away from pathways to maintain access routes throughout the garden.
  • Cut back perennial plants that have died down or alternatively leave the dead foliage in place for over-wintering wildlife.
  • Lift and divide any overcrowded herbaceous perennials whilst the soil is still warm.
  • After tidying borders, mulch with bark chips, well-rotted manure, leaf mould or spent mushroom compost to insulate plant roots for the winter and keep weed growth in check.
  • Harvest squashes and pumpkins before the first frosts. They will quickly turn mushy if left outside.
  • When you harvest your cabbages, leave the root in the ground and make a cut across the stem to encourage a flush of smaller leaves.
  • Any plants with green tomatoes or peppers remaining can be hung upside down indoors to ripen.
  • Protect autumn cauliflower heads from frost by wrapping the outer leaves around them and securing with string. Alternatively use a cloche or fleece.
  • Continue to plant autumn garlic bulbs now for a bumper crop next summer.
    Plant autumn.
  • Plant autumn onion sets for cropping next summer.
  • Reuse old grow bags by cutting away the top and sowing late salad crops. Cropping can be extended into winter if grown under glass, cloches or polytunnels.
  • Divide congested clumps of rhubarb by digging up and splitting into several pieces with a spade. Re-plant the healthiest looking pieces.
  • Divide congested clumps of rhubarb by digging up and splitting into several pieces with a spade. Re-plant the healthiest looking pieces.
  • If you haven’t done so already, remove any greenhouse shading to allow as much light in as possible.
  • Move tender plants into the greenhouse to protect them from early frosts. Make sure that there is enough space between them to keep them well ventilated and reduce the risk of disease.
  • Check any plants which you are bringing inside for pests such as aphids
  • Clear up fallen leaves regularly to allow light to the grass.
  • Autumn leaves are great for adding to the compost heap, or for rotting down in black plastic bags on their own to make a finer type of compost called leaf mould.
  • A last mowing can be made this month before leaving your lawn for the winter.
  • Recut any lawn edges if needed. Try installing lawn edging to make future maintenance easier.
  • Fresh turf can still be laid now. Autumn rains should ensure the turf settles successfully.
  • Create compost bins for collecting fallen leaves and dead plant material.
  • Make time to give evergreen hedges a final trim before the bad weather sets in, so they look neat and tidy for the winter.
  • Raise pots off the ground for the winter by using bricks or ‘pot feet’, to prevent waterlogging.
  • Once plants are dormant, it is a good time to lift and relocate any plant that you want to move.
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